Avoiding the precipitating causes comes first. So, lose weight, give up smoking and take regular exercise to protect your arteries as well as your heart.
People who already have a high blood pressure problem can nowadays be treated by medicines. There are several different ones which act by preventing ‘constrict’ messages from reaching the muscle walls of the blood vessels.
These medicines can have unpleasant side effects, so they are best used sparingly, often in conjunction with other medicines which reduce the amount of fluid in the bloodstream, and so reduce the workload. Many doctors believe that the control of blood pressure with modern medicines is one of the greatest medical advances of this century.